G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment & Sustainable Development

(An autonomous Institute of Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India)

JAL ABHYARANYA (WATER SANCTUARY)

Water Scarcity Index Mapping

Total Blocks Mapped - Blocks with Water Scarcity
Total Mapped Scarce
Arunachal Pradesh

99

31

Himachal Pradesh

77

54

Uttarakhand

95

78

Manipur

38

18

Meghalaya

39

3

Mizoram

29

2

Assam

26

15

Nagaland

114

39

Sikkim

25

20

Tripura

40

19

West Bengal

12

6

100

80

60

40

20

0

Background

Mountain natural springs are the main fresh water sources which serve nearly 40 millions of people across the Himalayas.The water problems of hill towns like Shimla are a direct result of drying of springs. According to one estimate, almost all 58,000 inhabited villages in IHR are dependent on the natural water springs or small streams originated from springs, of which at least half of the springs are drying up or have witnessed decline in water discharge resulting in acute water shortages across thousands of Himalayan villages and hill towns.

GBPIHED through its various partners is taking lead in maintaining the Geo Database of spring inventory & developing demonstrative models of Gram Jal Abhyaranya in at least one village of selected districts of 12 IHR States that also include majorily the aspirational districts identified by NITI Ayog. This will help the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, New Delhi in taking lead in launching a massive drive for Himalayan spring rejuvenation using Village Water Sanctuary (Gram Jal Abhyaranya) approach for rejuvenating at least one drying spring in each of the 58,000 villages with the active support of State Forest Departments and other Ministries and organizations.

"Aspirational districts of IHR"

Kupwara (Jammu Kashmir), Chamba (Himachal Pradesh), Champawat/Almora* (Uttarakhand), Darjeeling* (West Bengal), West Sikkim (Sikkim); Namsai (Arunachal Pradesh), Dima Hasao* (Assam), Kiphire (Nagaland), Chandel (Manipur), Mamit (Mizoram), Dhalai (Tripura), Ribhoi (Meghalaya).

Envisaged Outcomes